Education

Opinion | Black Valedictorians and the Toxic Trope of Black Exceptionalism

I used to be in the sixth grade in 2014 when a highschool senior named Akintunde Ahmad appeared on “The Ellen Show” and introduced that he had dedicated to attend Yale University. After graduating from Oakland Technical High with a 5.0 grade-point common and receiving acceptances to a quantity of prime universities, he had develop into a bit of a hometown hero, featured in articles that upheld him as an “inner city” success story.

Five years later, Mr. Ahmad supplied his perspective on the fanfare that had surrounded him as a youngster: “My story is told as though it is a positive one, inspirational,” he wrote in The Atlantic. “But I see it as a grim one, the tale of a harsh reality that wrecks people. There is nothing positive about classifying me as an exception. When a person is exceptional for doing what I have done, the whole system is cruel to its core.”

I’m additionally from Oakland. As a Black and formidable pupil with few position fashions, I used to be fascinated by Mr. Ahmad’s trajectory. Six years after he appeared on “The Ellen Show,” I graduated in May 2020 from the similar highschool throughout a pandemic, making ready to attend Yale as properly. One year after that, Ahmed Muhammad, a former classmate of mine, was celebrated in a quantity of newspapers and television shows after being named the first Black male valedictorian in Oakland Technical High School’s lengthy historical past.



I’d identified Mr. Muhammad since he was a freshman, and I used to be extremely proud of him. But the acquainted fanfare as soon as once more did not acknowledge the challenges that Black college students — together with Mr. Muhammad and I — proceed to face.

In his graduation speech final month, Mr. Muhammad pointedly requested why it took 106 years for Oakland Tech to award this honor to a Black male pupil: “So why me?” he requested. “I don’t know. But for all of those who didn’t get to maximize their potential, for all those who had the ability but lacked the opportunity, I owe it to them to appreciate this history made by the people who put me in this position. We owe it to them to make sure that, while I may be the first young Black man to be our school’s valedictorian, I won’t be the last.”

We all owe it to those that comply with in Mr. Muhammad and Mr. Ahmad’s footsteps to deal with eradicating the obstacles they may confront. And we owe it to them to be extra devoted to dismantling racism than to congratulating them for being amongst the few to thrive regardless of it.

That requires an examination of the constructions that helped us thrive, however weren’t accessible to others. Both Mr. Muhammad and I had been half of a discussion-based humanities program at our college referred to as Paideia — the form of program for “gifted” college students whose advantages and issues are common in public excessive colleges throughout the nation, which frequently embody what social scientists discuss with as “racialized tracking.”

The Paideia program, named after a classical Greek system of schooling and coaching, was began in the mid-Nineteen Eighties at Oakland Tech. Credited by some for remodeling the faculty from one of the lowest performing and violent in the metropolis to at least one of the most sought-after in the East Bay, Paideia once served mostly Black students. But as the educational fame of the faculty improved and it grew to become extra in style with upper- and middle-income white households in Oakland, the program’s demographics have shifted.

Oakland Tech’s enrollment is a few quarter Black, however the programs I took that had been essential to be a aggressive faculty applicant had been disproportionately white. The lessons in the Paideia program are commonplace measurement: about 20 to 30 college students. But there have been solely three Black college students in my grade remaining in the total program by the time we graduated. During my junior year I used to be the solely Black individual in my Advanced Placement U.S. History class.

Paideia’s de facto academic segregation is a microcosm of the subject on a national level; a ProPublica survey from 2018 found that white college students throughout the nation are almost twice as possible as Black college students to be in Advanced Placement programs.

I’ve little question about the worth of the academic expertise I received from this program. It was simply the most rigorous half of my highschool career; it taught my classmates and me to suppose critically and write persuasively. And it helped me to seek out my voice as a poet and writer.

But being the solely Black pupil in the room isn’t for each pupil — and that’s an impediment that nobody ought to should face. Mr. Muhammad instructed me that he was discouraged by mates from becoming a member of the program as a result of it was “for the white kids.” When he actively sought to recruit extra college students of shade for Paideia and different superior programs, he stated, the downside was that “since the classes lack diversity, many students of color feel that these courses aren’t ‘for them,’ or feel that they won’t enter a welcoming environment.”

The subject with applications comparable to Paideia isn’t merely that college students are hesitant to take part. When I used to be coming into the program, college students had been required to fill out an application throughout freshman year, and their acceptance was additionally based mostly on instructor suggestions.

Reached for remark, John Sasaki, the director of communications at the Oakland Unified School District, stated that the faculty and district had been engaged on eliminating the racial “achievement gap” and that the application and advice for the Paideia program are not required.

Such modifications are vital to assist encourage extra college students to enroll in Paideia and related applications throughout the nation, however there isn’t any single resolution to centuries of systemic disadvantages. Highlighting tales of Black exceptionalism whereas neglecting to contextualize them merely perpetuates the inequities that make them distinctive to start with.

Mr. Ahmad displays on this in his piece in The Atlantic, wherein he describes how his sensible, gifted older brother ended up incarcerated, and grew to become a “footnote” in the media accounts of his success story. Instead of specializing in his personal admission to Yale as the hanging exception, or as proof that systemic racism might be overcome with exhausting work and good upbringing, Mr. Ahmad writes, “I wish they would ask, ‘What trap lay before this talented, bright boy so that he was bound to fall into it?’”

The educational and societal circumstances that made Mr. Ahmad’s success so noteworthy years earlier than Mr. Muhammad or I arrived on campus remained lengthy after the reporters left and the mud settled. When the annual information cycle of underdog valedictorians fades, segregated lecture rooms endure. These heartwarming tales are a distraction from the actuality of our schooling system.

I don’t need to see one more “inner city” success story emerge from my neighborhood. I would like these tales to be so widespread that they’re unworthy of such protection.


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