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How to Choose a Diamond? A Guide to Buy Diamond without Getting Duped

Let me start by saying diamonds are endlessly. They are one of many best items of jewelries on this planet. Those who can afford it will at all times love to purchase a piece of this magnificent magnificence.

If you might be planning to purchase a diamond ring, earring or necklace, then you have to learn the whole article.

Buying a diamond just isn’t like working your each day errands like grocery purchasing or ordering a pizza. Before shopping for it you might have to endure a crash course about diamonds.

You want to get acquainted with myriads of small particulars. Otherwise you’ll find yourself dropping 1000’s of {dollars} for only one small piece of diamond.

So in the event you don’t need to get ripped off then do learn this text. Don’t make any knee-jerk selections.

Basics of Diamonds that You Need to Know

Let us start with studying fundamentals of diamonds. I’ll strive my greatest to hold it easy particularly for individuals who know nothing about diamonds.

There are 4 Cs and 1 S to a diamond. If a piece of diamond is given to you then you’ll look that exact piece for 4 Cs and 1 S.

Let us start with 4 Cs.

1. Cut

Out of 4 Cs lower is the primary one and most vital. Yes, lower is an important function that you’ll look in a diamond.

Cut determines how good a diamond sparkles.

If a diamond is poorly lower, then it could seem boring with much less shine.

Even if a diamond has a good readability and of excessive coloration grade (you’ll be taught later within the article) it will probably seem boring whether it is poorly lower.

Cut may be graded into 5 classes.

  • Poor/Fair: 35% of the diamonds within the market are Poor/Fair lower. They seem fairly boring.
  • Good: 25% of the diamonds may be graded for good lower.
  • Very Good: 15% of the diamonds are of Very Good lower grade. They shine similar to splendid lower grade diamond however include a cheaper price.
  • Ideal: Only 3% of diamonds are of Ideal lower. It displays many of the gentle and shines very shiny.
  • Signature: Only 1% are of signature lower and shines higher than Ideal lower diamond.

2. Color

After lower second most vital attribute is coloration of the diamond.

Colorless diamonds are the costliest ones.

Let us see the colour grade for diamonds.

“Colorless” D by F

1. Grade D – D is the very best coloration grade and they’re completely colorless. They are the costliest ones.

2. Grade E – Second greatest diamonds are of Grade E. Expert gemologists can detect traces of coloration beneath the microscope. Price is lower than Grade D diamonds.

3. Grade F – Traces of coloration are barely greater than Grade E diamonds.

“Near Colorless” G by J

4. Grade G – It is tough to detect coloration.

5. Grade H – Just as Grade G diamond.

6. Grade I – Traces are barely detectable.

7. Grade J – Just like Grade I diamond.

“Noticeable Color” Ok by Z

8. Grade Ok – Z – They have noticeable coloration. The value of diamond decreases as you progress from Ok in the direction of Z.

As you progress from coloration grade D to Z value will lower.

Diamonds of coloration Grade A, B, C are nonetheless not found and if they’re then they would be the most costly diamonds on this planet.

3. Clarity

Clarity is the third most vital issue to contemplate for a diamond.

Cut and Color of a diamond may be seen from bare eye however for readability you might have to put the diamond beneath the microscope.

Tiny imperfections throughout the diamonds determines the readability. These imperfections or blemishes are often known as inclusions. More the inclusions lesser the standard of a diamond. Lesser the inclusions larger the standard of the diamond.

These imperfections or inclusions can’t be seen from bare eyes and are seen beneath a microscope by an knowledgeable gemologist.

Grading Scale

1. FL – FL or Flawless diamonds are uncommon high quality diamonds with no seen blemishes even beneath 10X magnifications. Only lower than 1% diamonds within the market are of FL grade.

2. IF – IF or Internally Flawless have small blemishes however tough to see beneath 10X magnifications. Only lower than 3% diamonds within the market are of IF grade.

3. VVS1 – VVS1 or Very, very barely included have inclusions (blemishes) within the backside half (often known as pavilion) of the diamond.

4. VVS2 – VVS2 is similar factor as VVS1 right here inclusions are within the prime half (often known as crown) of the diamond.

5. VS1 – VS1 or Very Slightly included diamonds have blemishes that may be seen beneath 10X magnifications.

6. VS2 – VS2 has extra blemishes than VS1.

7. SI1 – SI1 or Slightly Included have blemishes that may be seen from bare eye.

8. SI2 – SI2 diamonds are identical as SI1.

9. I1 – Loose diamonds with inclusions fairly seen to bare eye.

10. I3-I2 – Even extra inclusions than I1.

FL grade diamonds are the most expensive diamonds within the market. As you progress down from FL to I3 value decreases.

4. Carat

The fourth function is Carat. Carat is the usual unit for weighing diamonds. 1 Carat is equal to 200 milligrams or 1/5th of a gram or 0.2 gram.

Carat is the load of a diamond and never the dimensions.

A smaller carat weight diamond can seem bigger in dimension due to larger chopping grade.

The value of the diamond will increase with the carat weight.

You have to refer the diamond carat chart for locating out the looks of a diamond with different carat weights and shapes.

So these had been 4 Cs that you simply want to know.


Actually there may be yet another C that I would really like to add and that’s certification.Gemological Institute of America).

Whichever retailer you might be shopping for your diamond from. You want to ask the retailer concerning the certification from GIA.

Do not fall for in home certification ordered by the retailer. Simply don’t settle for another certification.

If you aren’t asking the retailer for GIA earlier than shopping for a diamond, then chances are you’ll find yourself shopping for a poor high quality diamond.

Certification, the ultimate C is essential. So it’s truly 5 Cs.

1 S is Shape


Diamonds is available in all styles and sizes. Here are a few of the shapes you want to know.

  1. Round: They are the most well-liked diamonds within the market.
  2. Princess: A Non spherical diamond.
  3. Emerald: It offers larger readability.
  4. Marquise: It can maximize carat weight.
  5. Oval: Similar to spherical diamonds.
  6. Radiant: They include trimmed corners.
  7. Pear: Single Point and rounded finish.
  8. Cushion: They have bigger aspects to improve brilliance.

So that is all of the schooling you want to find out about a diamond. However nonetheless this isn’t sufficient for selecting a diamond you can purchase.

How to Choose a Diamond? – An Ideal Combination

You want to select a diamond retaining 4 Cs and 1 S in thoughts earlier than you lastly purchase it. In order to select a diamond, you might have to search for an excellent mixture of 4 Cs and 1 S.

Here is the step-by-step information that you simply want to observe for selecting a diamond.

Step 1: Shape

Start with selecting a form of a diamond that you simply like essentially the most. If you might have a choice, then go for it.

Otherwise you may go for both spherical or princess form as a result of they’re the most well-liked shapes within the market.

Choosing a form wouldn’t be tough for you.

Step 2: Carat

The second step could be deciding the carat. How a lot your diamond goes to weigh?

You have to select carat weight between 0.25 and 5 carats.

Choosing the carat weight would rely on your finances. If you might have finances for 1 carat, then go for it.

Always bear in mind if you’re shopping for a 1.9 carat diamond as a substitute of two carats then you definately save a lot of money.

Step 3: Clarity

The third step is readability. If the finances just isn’t your consideration, then go for VVS1 or VVS2. About 10% of diamonds fall beneath this class.

However, the most well-liked readability vary which individuals purchase is VS1 and VS2. They are the most effective guess contemplating your finances. The readability can be good as blemishes can’t be seen by bare eyes. If you need to purchase a diamond over 2 carats then go for VS2.

If you might be actually low on finances then you need to go for SI1. You should purchase 1 carat diamond with S1 or S2 readability grade. You can compromise the upper lower and coloration grade for SI1 grade readability. 30% of diamonds fall beneath SI1 and SI2 grade system.

A 1 carat SI2 diamond is half value of VS1 diamond.

Third possibility is for consumers who’re on very, very low finances. They can go for I1. Blemishes may be seen from bare eyes however the dimension of the diamond is massive and value may be very low.

Step 4: Color

Carat and Clarity can’t be judged by the bare eye. However, coloration of a diamond may be seen from a bare eye.

To get most out of the deal you might have to select a proper coloured diamond for the least value.

If you might have sufficient finances, then you may go for a colorless diamond (in the event you see from bare eyes) starting from G to J.

If you need to purchase a diamond over 1 carat then go for coloration vary G to H and for beneath 1 carat go for I to J coloration grade.

But in case your hand is tight then you might have to go for diamonds of Ok-L coloration grade.

You even have to hold form and lower of the diamond in your thoughts. For instance, diamonds with bigger aspect space mirror extra gentle therefore conceal coloration. If you discuss form then go for spherical or princess form diamonds.

Step 5: Cut

Cut is an important function that you’ve got to look into before you purchase a diamond.

There isn’t any commonplace grading system for lower like we’ve got for Carat, Clarity and Color of any diamond.

Different retailers use totally different terminologies. Most frequent are Excellent, Very Good, Fair, Poor and others use phrases like Signature Ideal, Ideal and Excellent. So it relies upon upon the retailer.

However at all times go for GIA (learn in following paragraphs) lower grades.

As a poorly lower diamond will seem boring even with glorious readability and coloration and vice versa.

If your finances is excessive, then for superior brilliance select excellent or glorious lower.

Similarly, for low finances you may go for Fair or Good lower for fancy formed diamonds.

Finally, I might say it can save you a lot of money on carat. It is as a result of in the event you purchase a diamond with 10% much less carat you’ll save a lot of money and 10% much less carat wouldn’t make any distinction seeing from the bare eye.

So you might have to hold above talked about elements in your thoughts so that you get a proper mixture, most shiny diamond at a cheaper price.

Looking at Final Price Chart Before Buying a Diamond

In order to simplify the final paragraph, I’m providing you with a value chart to evaluate for all 4C’s and get the most effective mixture. The diamond value chart is often known as Rapaport Price list. The chart is the mixture of 4 C’s.

Chart is 2 dimensional matrix for various costs and carats. The rows of the chart are diamond’s coloration and the columns are readability.

In order to discover a worth, you simply have to search for a chart for weight/carat after which evaluate the rows (coloration) with columns (readability).

You get the outcome. If the result’s 75 then it means the worth of the diamond for that exact weight is $7500. If the worth is 45 then value is $4500.

However, the chart doesn’t absorb account different elements like lower high quality and fluorescence.

So the Price Chart just isn’t a last factor, you continue to have to do extra analysis before you purchase a diamond.

As they are saying, you don’t get all of the data studying a e book. You have to get actual on floor expertise.

Return on Your Investment in Diamonds

If you don’t need to purchase diamond as a piece of jewellery like rings or earrings, then you should purchase it as a nice funding alternative. There are many benefits of investing in Diamonds.

The first one is, they admire like different commodities gold, silver even actual property. So you’re going to get extra worth years after you invested. You aren’t going to lose any money.

Moreover, diamond don’t age and also you don’t have to fear about upkeep as a result of they’re hardest substance on the planet. So there isn’t any cause why you shouldn’t spend money on diamonds.

Set a finances and begin investing in diamonds. You ought to diversify your funding by shopping for all types of diamonds. Buy as many as diamonds for a given finances vary.

For instance, in case your finances is round $30,000 then purchase 3 to 4 totally different diamonds as a substitute of shopping for only one.

Always evaluate costs and search for the GIA certification. Keep the diamonds with you and promote them on the proper time.

So that is all you want to find out about shopping for a diamond. I anticipate you to learn this text, perceive the fundamentals after which consider shopping for a diamond. Don’t purchase a diamond in haste. Take your time earlier than you make a transfer.

If you might have any doubt, then learn this text time and again. Enquire your close by retailer after which lastly purchase the diamond.

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