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If Roe v. Wade is overturned, what’s the impact on abortion access for Illinois and its residents? – Chicago Tribune

Well earlier than the news broke Monday night time about the launch of a draft opinion that means the U.S. Supreme Court might be getting ready to overturn the landmark 1973 Roe v. Wade resolution, Illinois residents have been questioning what impact such an motion would have on abortion rights of their state.

About half of U.S. states are already anticipated to ban abortion if Roe falls, in keeping with the abortion-rights assume tank Guttmacher Institute. Twenty-two states, largely in the South and Midwest, have already got complete or near-total bans on the books. Aside from Texas, all at the moment are blocked in courtroom due to Roe.

Thirteen states have so-called set off legal guidelines, which might instantly ban abortion if Roe is overturned and would presumably go into impact if the Supreme Court majority votes for the draft in late June or early July.

But Illinois is not certainly one of them.

Keeping in thoughts that the draft is not the ultimate resolution, listed here are solutions to questions persons are asking a couple of potential overturn of Roe — and its impact on Illinois.

Abortion wouldn’t grow to be unlawful or restricted in Illinois. If Roe v. Wade have been to be overturned or chipped away, the matter of reproductive rights can be determined by particular person states.

Abortion rights have been firmly ensconced in Illinois legislation, which has a few of the least-restrictive guidelines in the nation.

Each year, 1000’s of ladies cross state strains to have an abortion in Illinois, in keeping with state knowledge. That quantity may develop exponentially pending U.S. Supreme Court choices and new legal guidelines in varied states.

Nearly 10,000 ladies traveled from out of state to have an abortion in Illinois in 2020, a roughly 29% enhance in contrast with the earlier year, in keeping with the most up-to-date Illinois Department of Public Health knowledge.

The variety of ladies crossing state strains to come back to Illinois for the process has risen each year since 2014.

Illinois abortion suppliers say they anticipate extra ladies can be touring right here from different states for reproductive well being care in the future.

“As Illinois continues to break down barriers to health care, we will remain a needed haven in the Midwest,” mentioned Jennifer Welch, president and CEO of Planned Parenthood of Illinois. “We are planning for Illinois’ out-of-state numbers to continue to increase as long as other states are allowed to enact harmful and unconstitutional abortion bans and restrictions.”

Abortion clinics have opened close to state boundary strains: An 18,000-square-foot Planned Parenthood facility opened in 2019 in Fairview Heights proper by the Missouri border and one other Planned Parenthood opened in May 2020 in Waukegan close to the Wisconsin border.

The Center for Reproductive Rights has recognized 24 states that will doubtlessly prohibit abortions if Roe is overturned. Most of these states are in the central and southern components of the nation.

The listing consists of a number of states that encompass Illinois — Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, Wisconsin, Nebraska, Kentucky and Ohio.

“These states and territories are extremely vulnerable to the revival of old abortion bans or the enactment of new ones, and none of them has legal protections for abortion,” the Center wrote in its conclusion for a project referred to as “What if Roe Fell” the place they analyzed constitutions, legal guidelines, laws, courtroom choices and access to abortions.

The 24 states they recognized embrace the 13 states with “trigger laws” — together with Missouri and Kentucky — and states with legal guidelines that extremely limit abortion.

Like Illinois, Iowa and Minnesota have protections in opposition to abortion bans. The Center for Reproductive Rights discovered that Iowa and Minnesota’s State Supreme Courts have acknowledged the proper to abortion underneath the state’s structure.

While Iowa does have a six-week abortion ban, that ban can’t be enforced as a result of it was ruled unconstitutional by the Polk County District Court.

In Wisconsin, Michigan and Indiana, abortion is not protected underneath state legislation, and present restrictions make access to abortion care troublesome, the Center for Reproductive Rights discovered.

Within minutes of Politico’s report that it had obtained the draft resolution, politicians have been weighing in on the information.

Gov. J.B. Pritzker, a Democrat: “As long as I’m governor, Illinois will stay a beacon for reproductive freedom. We won’t go back.”

Chicago Mayor Lori Lightfoot, a Democrat: “What we’re seeing tonight on Roe v. Wade is a horrendous attack on our fundamental right to choose, and we will fight against it with everything we’ve got.”

U.S. Rep. Mary Miller, a downstate Republican: “Our Justices need your prayers to stand up to the radical abortion industry and Defend Life!”

>>> Read extra response right here

Illinois handed its first abortion statute in 1827. The legislation meant to outlaw the widespread sale of abortion-inducing medicine.

In 1867, Illinois amended its 1827 legislation to criminalize tried abortion by any means, at any level in being pregnant. When the Supreme Court’s Roe v. Wade dominated in 1973 that state legal guidelines limiting abortion have been unconstitutional, it struck down Illinois’ 1867 legislation. Illinois state lawmakers in recent times have acted to guard abortion rights and make the process extra accessible.

Only a minority of Americans need to overturn Roe vs. Wade. In 2020, AP VoteCast discovered that 69% of these surveyed needed the Supreme Court to go away the resolution intact.

A more moderen ballot performed by The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research, launched final June, mentioned 57% of Americans believed abortion must be authorized in all or most circumstances. Another 43% mentioned it must be unlawful in all or most circumstances.

When it involves limitations on abortion, public opinion is extra combined. Support for the process is strongest when the being pregnant is in the first trimester, and declines after that.

It’s price remembering that three of the justices who seem poised to overturn Roe have been appointed by former President Donald Trump, who didn’t win the well-liked vote when he was elected in 2016.

The Associated Press contributed to this report

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