“As the vaccines continue to roll out, hopefully the positivity rate will be going down in the coming months,” Mara informed reporters final week.
In a press release, Miller of the N.F.L. stated the league would, because it did final year, observe the suggestions of native, county, state and federal public well being officers, together with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and “continue to uphold with the advice and partnership of medical and public health experts as we look to the 2021 season.”
Trying to ascertain definitive causal hyperlinks between a single occasion and a change in an infection charges throughout a big metropolitan space is difficult. The authors of The Lancet examine concede that their analysis solely reveals that two occasions — video games with followers and growing constructive Covid-19 charges — coincided. Other occasions like political rallies, the reopening of schools or vacation journey might have contributed to a rise in infections, particularly in states the place preventive measures just like the carrying of masks had been much less extensively adopted. Infections might have additionally elevated as a result of followers watched video games with their associates in dwelling rooms or at bars, gatherings that had been past the N.F.L.’s management.
“The strength of these studies is they are showing something, but the correlations can only point out the possibilities, not the causation,” stated Bruce Y. Lee, the manager director of Public Health Informatics Computational and Operations Research at City University of New York School of Public Health. “It’s not just a football game and people go home. There are all these associated activities around the game.”
To set up that N.F.L. video games prompted the unfold of the virus, researchers would want contact tracing knowledge on followers who attended video games after which examined constructive. That info is scarce, although, since many native well being departments used their resources to coach the general public on preventive measures and improve coronavirus testing. In Duval County, Fla., well being officers stated they didn’t examine whether or not followers who attended Jacksonville Jaguars video games had been contaminated or whether or not the group’s house video games elevated the unfold of the virus.
In half as a result of not everybody cooperated with contact tracers’ requests, even individuals who attended N.F.L. video games and examined constructive had issue figuring out whether or not they received contaminated earlier than, throughout or after the video games.
Eight residents who tested positive for the virus informed contact tracers that they’d lately attended Cowboys house video games, well being officers in Tarrant County, Texas, stated in November.