Millions of Americans are currently receiving coronovirus vaccination as the US works to restore some normalcy from the epidemic.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 33 percent of the US population has received at least one dose and 19.4 percent are fully immunized, either from Pfizer-BioNotech, Modern or Johnson & Johnson.
However, some people are being vaccinated for fear of experiencing side effects such as fever or headaches, while others have heard special reports of more extreme reactions, including large rashes or anaphylaxis on the arm.
Doctors say that severe reactions are rare, and common side effects, such as pain at the injection site, are an indication that your immune system is building a reaction.
DailyMail.com talked to three infectious disease experts about what side effects are expected from each COVID-19, why some people get them and what it means.
The most common symptoms of the Pfizer vaccine are pain or swelling at the injection site, headache, fatigue, fever, chills, and muscle pain.
‘Somewhere between 20 and 80 percent of people will experience that,’ Dr. Richard Kennedy, a professor at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota and co-director of the Mayo Clinic Vaccine Research Group, told DailyMail.com.
‘They are mostly mild to moderate symptoms and they last for a day or two.’
Dr. Thad Steppenbeck, chairman of the Learner Research Institute at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio, said that, in his experience, headache is the most common side effect.
He said, “Headaches are probably the most common and, spontaneously, from people I know who have been vaccinated.”
Then, there are rare side effects, such as nausea, vomiting and swelling of lymph nodes and armpits.
Kennedy says that less than one in 10 people will experience these side effects.
Finally, there are rare allergic reactions to the vaccine, which may include hives, itching and swelling, and even anaphylaxis.
Anaphylactic shock is a severe and potentially life-threatening reaction to allergies to food, medicine, or even a type of material.
The immune system releases the chemicals that replenish the body, the blood pressure drops suddenly, and the airway becomes narrow, which prevents one from breathing normally.
Kennedy said that approximately one in 100,000 people who received the vaccine would experience such a reaction.
However, the good news is that ‘this is fair Rare and fCurable by air, ‘he said.
For this reason, the CDC is required to monitor everyone for 15 minutes after receiving their shot and to have vaccination sites with a history of severe allergies for 30 minutes.
Doctors also say that people are more likely to experience strong reactions after the second dose because the immune system is primed to fight the virus and responds after receiving the last shot, only to feel For that it is a false alarm.
Similar to the Pfizer vaccine, the most common side effects of the modern vaccine include pain, fever, chills, headaches, and fatigue at the injection site.
Dr., an infectious disease specialist at Northwestern Medicine in Chicago, Illinois. “Low-grade fever, aches and pains, difficulty sleeping at night, those are flu-like symptoms,” said Robert Murphy.
‘They are self-limiting and leave within 48 hours.’
Another rare reaction, but only in modern patients, is the ‘covid arm’, in which people experience itchy and swollen skin, sometimes with red lumps.
Like Pfizer, people are more likely to have strong side effects after the second dose.
A very small number of modern patients have also reported suffering anaphylaxis after their first dose.
‘This is a well-documented incident,’ Murphy said. ‘They may have hives and swelling, but this is a very small number.’
Some recipients – but only modern shots – have experienced a ‘covid arm’, in which people have itchy and inflamed skin, sometimes with red lumps or hives.
But splatches from the immune system are a harmless reaction to the arm-scorching pill within a week.
The official term used by dermatologists and allergists to describe side effects is ‘delayed dermal hypersensitivity.’
Stepanbeck said, “The vaccine attracts the cells of the immune system to the injection site, which is why you see a rash, then it spreads and spreads within a day or two.”
‘This is a bit annoying at first, but not significant and has no long-term impact.’
Johnson and johnson
The Johnson & Johnson single-dose coronovirus vaccine does not have any side effects in either the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines.
“Nearly across the board, fewer people are reporting side effects,” Kennedy said.
‘They are more gentle. The most common people have pain at the injection site, which is not surprising as this is a needle entering your hand, which will be experienced by about 50 percent. ‘
He said that one-third of the recipients reported fatigue and muscle aches, 10 to 15 percent reported nausea and about 10 percent of swelling and redness at the injection site.
So why does J & J’s shot cause fewer side effects? Murphy said the vaccine is different from the other two.
J & J’s vaccine combines genetic material from the new virus with the gene of adenovirus – which causes the common cold – to induce an immune response.
In comparison, Pfizer K and Modern vaccines use a new platform, part of a pathogenic genetic code known as messenger RNA, or mRNA, to allow the body to recognize coronovirus and if a person becomes infected. So he could attack it.
“They are very different mechanisms and different manufacturing processes,” Murphy said.
Reports of anaphylaxis have not been found among Jammu and Kashmir recipients, but Steppenbeck said it could be because fewer people got the shot.
‘It may be just a numbers game at this point,’ he said.
Why are you showing maximum impact to people?
As more vaccines have been administered, more severe side effects have been reported in young people than in young people.
Doctors say this because the immune system develops as we age.
‘As we grow older, everything about the body or the body is not well and is not immune The system is no exception, ‘Kennedy said.
Clinical trial data showed that younger people reported more side effects after receiving vaccine doses than older people.
‘The reality is that young people have strong immune systems and when you grow up, you Murphy said that as a response Mt.
However, this does not mean that older people are not protected and that vaccines are still protective of seniors in the same way as younger adults.
Is a greater number of women a reaction?
Also there are women reporting more side effects.
Women are more likely to report poor side effects after receiving COVID-19 vaccines, then men reveal CDC data.
Last month, officials saw about 7,000 responses reported to the agency’s Vaccine Advance Event Reporting System.
They found that about 80 percent of responses were recorded by women, making them four times more likely to report it than men.
Kennedy said that the reason behind this is a mixture of biological and behavioral.
“Women’s immune systems behave a little differently, they have a more robust antibody response,” he said.
‘They are more likely to go to the doctor if something is wrong, while it is more likely to make it more difficult for men.’
Can i get a vaccine?
All three physicians say the uneven answer is: Yes, you should receive a COVID-19 vaccine as soon as it becomes available to you.
“The efficacy of these vaccines has been remarkable,” Stepenbeck said.
‘Less than one percent of those who are fully vaccinated are subsequently infected. This is better than those we have received in tests. What we call real world data. ‘
Steppenbeck also encourages making up for the possibility of side effects, such as simply being able to work the next day and having an adequate supply of water and tylenol.
However, he suggests not taking the drug as an anticonvulsant.
“Wait as long as you have the symptoms, if you have the symptoms, and then take it,” Stepenbeck said.
‘The limit is four grams per day, and you don’t want to overdose on Tylenol.’
The group also adds that any possible side effects may be less likely than you receiving COVID-19.
Kennedy said, “You don’t know how sick you will be until you get infected.”
‘You may be asymptomatic or you may be on a ventilator. Then you say I wish I had got the vaccine and by then it would have been too late
DailyMail.com senior health reporter Mary Keketos reports