If you pass up hot or cold drinks because you know they will hurt your teeth, it may be time to talk to your dentist about the possibility of sensitive teeth.
Sometimes other things can also aggravate them, such as sweet and sour foods or even cold air.
In order to treat these dental pricks, it helps to know what might be behind them. Once you have identified the cause, you can find a solution.
Take care of the enamel of your teeth
That’s a tough protective layer that helps your teeth deal with everything that happens to them. When it disappears, the nerve endings that cause pain are exposed.
If you have sensitive teeth, some of your enamel may have worn away.
To prevent or stop that damage:
Don’t brush too hard. Do you brush your teeth with a heavy hand? It is possible that more than just plaque is being removed. Side-to-side brushing right at the gum line can make the enamel fade faster. You should use a soft bristle brush and work at a 45 degree angle to the gum to keep the enamel clean and strong.
Avoid acidic foods and drinks. Soda, sticky candies, high sugar carbohydrates – all of these treats attack enamel. Instead, snack:
- Fiber-rich fruits and vegetables
- Natural yogurt
These will moisten your mouth and help fight acid and bacteria that can eat away at your teeth. Saliva is one of the ways the mouth treats them.
You can also drink green or black tea or chew sugarless gum. If you eat something acidic, don’t rush to brush your teeth. Wait about an hour to strengthen before rubbing.
Loosen your teeth. Over time, teeth grinding wears down enamel. Sometimes addressing your stress can stop the problem. If that doesn’t work, your dentist may put a splint or mouth guard on you.
If the problem is severe, you may need dental work to change the position of your teeth or a muscle relaxant.
Take a break from bleaching . Searching for pearly whites can cause you pain. Fortunately, the sensitivity to discoloration is usually temporary. Talk to your dentist about how the treatment might affect you and whether you should continue it.
Get to the root of the problem
Sometimes tooth sensitivity can be a sign of other problems, such as:
Gums that shrink naturally. If you are over 40, your gums may show signs of wear as they separate from your teeth and expose the roots of your teeth. Those roots don’t have enamel to protect them, so they are much more sensitive than the rest of your tooth.
Tell your dentist if your gums seem to be receding. It can be a sign of other problems, such as gum disease . Severe cases may need a gum graft . That moves the tissue from somewhere else to cover the bare area.
Gum disease . The accumulation of plaque and tartar on teeth can cause gums to shrink. Sometimes the disease can appear. It can destroy the bony support of your tooth. Do not smoke. It can lead to gum disease. To treat it, your dentist may do a deep cleaning of your teeth, called brushing or scaling, which scrapes away the tartar and plaque below the gum line. You may also need medicine or surgery to fix the problem.
A cracked tooth or filling : When a tooth breaks, the crack can go all the way to the root. You will notice pain when your tooth is cold. How your dentist fixes the crack depends on how deep it is. If it’s a small crack that ends before your gums start , your dentist can fill it in. If it is below the gum line, the tooth will need to be extracted.
Once you’ve found the problem, your dentist can use a few things to ease your pain, including:
- Pasta of teeth for sensitive teeth
- Fluoride gel
- Fillings that cover exposed roots
- Desensitizing pastes (not used with a toothbrush) that you can get from your dentist
- Mouth guard to protect teeth if you grind
If your case is severe, your dentist may suggest a root canal .
It is also important not avoid dental care due to the pain of teeth . Ignoring your teeth can make things worse. Brush and floss twice a day to help keep your smile bright and pain-free. And visit your dentist for a checkup twice a year.